The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R)

Adolescents have different temperaments

The EATQ-R is a revision of a 1992 instrument developed by Capaldi & Rothbart (Capaldi, D. M. & Rothbart, M. K., [1992] .  Development and Validation of an Early Adolescent Temperament Measure. Journal of Early Adolescence, 12, 153-173).  The current questionnaire has been designed to specifically tap experiences common to adolescents, and is available in self- and parent-report formats.  It assesses temperament and self-regulation via adaptation of scales used in studies of children and adults.  The revised questionnaire also contains two behavioral scales to allow examination of the relationship of temperament to social-emotional functioning.

 

 

 

In addition to English versions of the original EATQ and the EATQ-R, the following non-English versions of the EATQ-R are available for download:

  • An Arabic version of the EATQ-R Parent-Report Form, translated by Andrea Berger at Ben-Gurion University of Negev
  • Catalan versions of the EATQ-R Self-Report Form, and the Short Self- and Parent-Report forms, translated by Monica Gonzales, with adaptation from self- to parent-report by Vicky Krieger, Juan Antonio Amador Campos, Blanca Capdevila and Albert Balsells.
  • A Chinese version of the EATQ-R Self-Report Form, translated by Keng-Ling Lay of National Taiwan University and Kung-Yu Hsu of Fo Guang University
  • Czech versions of the Short Self- and Parent-Report forms, translated by Miloň Potměšil and Petra Potměšilová of Palacky of University in Olomouc
  • Dutch versions of the EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report Form, translated by Catharina A. Hartman
  • Farsi (Persian) versions of the EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report Forms, translated by  Fattaneh Esmaeili and Dr. Ali Noury, and Fatemeh Gharabaghi
  • Finnish versions of the EATQ-R Parent and Short Self Report Forms, translated by Katri Raikkonen-Talvitie and the Developmental Psychology Research Group of University of Helsinki
  • An Italian version of the EATQ-R Parent form, translated by Alessandra Carta.
  • Japanese versions of EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report Forms, translated by Atsuko Nakagawa
  • Norwegian versions of the Effortful Control scales of the EATQ-R Parent- and Teacher-report Forms, translated by Kristine Amlund Hagen.
  • Polish versions of EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report Forms, translated by Jan Cieciuch
  • Portuguese (Brazilian) versions of the EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report,
    translated by Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares, Sofia Gracioli, Vivian Caroline Klein, and Graziela
    Nogueira de Almeida.
  • A Portuguese (European) version of the EATQ-R Short form, translated by Marina Carvalho
  • Romanian versions of EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report Forms, translated by Ioana Tincas, Oana Benga, and Elena Geangu (self report), and Georgiana Susa, Oana Benga, and Iona Tincas (parent report)
  • Spanish versions of the EATQ-R Self- and Parent-Report Forms, translated by GIPSE (el Grupo de Investigación en Psicología Evolutiva at the University of Murcia, Spain) under the supervision of Jose Antonio Carranza
  • A Swedish version of the EATQ-R Parent-Report Form.  Translated by Matilda Frick, Lilanne Eninger, & Karin Brocki
  • A Tagalog version of the EATQ-R Short form, translated by Nikaela Katrina M. Gamboa and Katrina Elaine R. Laygo
  • A Turkish version of the EATQ-R Self-Report form, translated by Dilara Demirpence and Prof. Turkay Demir.

 The Questionnaire

The EATQ-R has been designed to assess temperament in adolescents aged 9-15. The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire-Revised (EATQ-R) assesses the following dimensions of temperament:

Temperament Scales

  • Activation Control:The capacity to perform an action when there is a strong tendency to avoid it.
  • Activity Level:Participation in activities requiring high levels of physical activity.
  • Affiliation: The desire for warmth and closeness with others, independent of shyness or extraversion.
  • Attention: The capacity to focus attention as well as to shift attention when desired.
  • Fear: Unpleasant affect related to anticipation of distress.
  • Frustration: Negative affect related to interruption of ongoing tasks or goal blocking.
  • High Intensity Pleasure:The pleasure derived from activities involving high intensity or novelty.
  • Inhibitory Control:The capacity to plan, and to suppress inappropriate responses.
  • Perceptual Sensitivity:Detection or perceptual awareness of slight, low-intensity stimulation in the environment.
  • Pleasure Sensitivity:Pleasure related to activities or stimuli involving low intensity, rate, complexity, novelty, and incongruity.
  • Shyness: Behavioral inhibition to novelty and challenge, especially social.

Behavioral Scales

  • Aggression: Hostile and aggressive actions, including person- and object-directed physical violence, direct and indirect verbal aggression, and hostile reactivity.
  • Depressive Mood: Unpleasant affect and lowered mood, loss of enjoyment and interest in activities.

For questions regarding the EATQ, contact Lesa Ellis at lellis@westminstercollege.edu (postal mail: Department of Psychology, Westminster College, 1840 south 1300 east, Salt Lake City, UT, 84105)

Please note that these questionnaires are to be used for research purposes only. If you are interested in acquiring current versions of these instruments, we request that you first complete our request form, providing us with a brief description of your plans for use of the measures. Following the completion of your research, we request that you contact us to inform us of the results of your project as they relate to the temperament scales.In this way, we hope to coordinate attempts at validation of the scales.

Documentation:

Ellis, L. K. (2002). Individual differences and adolescent psychological development. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Oregon.

Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001). Revision of the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. Poster presented at the 2001 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Capaldi, D. M. & Rothbart, M. K. (1992). Development and Validation of an Early Adolescent Temperament Measure. Journal of Early Adolescence, 12, 153-173